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Errors and Warnings

This page explains specific errors thrown by Convex.

See Error Handling to learn about handling errors in general.

Optimistic concurrency control (OCC) conflict

This system error is thrown when a mutation repeatedly fails due to conflicting changes from parallel mutation executions.

Example A

A mutation updateCounter always updates the same document:

export const updateCounter = mutation({
args: {},
handler: async (ctx) => {
const doc = await ctx.db.get(process.env.COUNTER_ID);
await ctx.db.patch(doc._id, { value: doc.value + 1 });

If this mutation is called many times per second, many of its executions will conflict with each other. Convex internally does several retries to mitigate this concern, but if the mutation is called more rapidly than Convex can execute it, some of the invocations will eventually throw this error:

failure updateCounter

Documents read from or written to the table "counters" changed while this mutation was being run and on every subsequent retry. Another call to this mutation changed the document with ID "123456789101112".

The error message will note the table name, which mutation caused the conflict (in this example its another call to the same mutation), and one document ID which was part of the conflicting change.

Example B

Mutation writeCount depends on the entire tasks table:

export const writeCount = mutation({
args: {
handler: async (ctx, args) => {
const tasks = await ctx.db.query("tasks").collect();
await ctx.db.patch(, { value: tasks });

export const addTask = mutation({
args: {
text: v.string(),
handler: async (ctx, args) => {
await ctx.db.insert("tasks", { text: args.text });

If the mutation writeCount is called at the same time as many calls to addTask are made, either of the mutations can fail with this error. This is because any change to the "tasks" table will conflict with the writeCount mutation:

failure writeCount

Documents read from or written to the table "tasks" changed while this mutation was being run and on every subsequent retry. A call to "addTask" changed the document with ID "123456789101112".


To fix this issue:

  1. Make sure that your mutations only read the data they need. Consider reducing the amount of data read by using indexed queries with selective index range expressions.
  2. Make sure you are not calling a mutation an unexpected number of times, perhaps from an action inside a loop.
  3. Design your data model such that it doesn't require making many writes to the same document.